The Bedouin and war booty

Shaddaad ibn Al-Haad (radiAllahu anhu) narrated:

“A Bedouin came to the Prophet (ﷺ) accepted, Islam and said: ‘I wish to migrate (to Madeenah)’. So the Prophet (ﷺ) asked some of his Companions to take care of him.


Then after a battle, the Muslims had gained some booty so the Prophet (ﷺ) divided it and gave the Bedouin’s share to some of his Companions to look after, as the Bedouin was still at the rearguard. When the Bedouin returned, they gave him his share, so he asked them: ‘What is this?’ They replied: ‘It is your share from the booty which the Prophet (ﷺ) gave us to hold on to for you.’


So the Bedouin took the booty and went to the Prophet (ﷺ), and asked: ‘What is this?’ The Prophet (ﷺ) replied: “Your share of the booty.” The Bedouin said: ‘This is not why I believe in you and follow you; rather, I follow you so that I can get shot by an arrow right here, (and then he pointed to his throat) then die and enter Paradise.’ The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “If you are sincere then Allah will grant you your wish.”


After a short while, fighting resumed and the Bedouin’s body was brought to the Prophet (ﷺ) with an arrow in his throat at exactly the spot where he had pointed to the Prophet (ﷺ) with an arrow in his throat at exactly the spot where he had pointed to the Prophet (ﷺ). Thereupon The Prophet (ﷺ) said: “He was sincere so Allah granted him his wish.”


Then using his own garment, the Prophet (ﷺ) washed the Bedouin, prayed the funeral prayer over him and was heard by his Companions to say during the prayer: “O Allah! This is Your slave who migrated for Your sake and was killed as a martyr – and I testify to this”.

[Reported by An-Nasaa’i (1953) and Al-Haakim ruled it as authentic, and Ath- Thahabi said that it is authentic according to the rules of Muslim.]